An appeal to condemn and stop military attacks on Lumad schools in Mindanao

Greetings of Peace and Solidarity!

We are alarmed that 2,896 Lumad children will be denied of their right to education when the Aquino government closes down Lumad community schools in Davao del Norte.

While schools all over the country are slated to start their classes this June, we are convinced that the Department of Education Division of Davao del Norte intends to shut down lumad community schools. In a letter dated May 12 addressed to DepEd Region XI Director Alberto Escobarte, DepEd Division of Davao del Norte Superintendent Josephine Fadul endorsed the closure of at least 24 schools of Salugpongan Ta’Tanu Igkanogon Community Learning Center (STTICLC) and Mindanao Interfaith Services Foundation Inc. Academy (MISFI Academy).

Education is a basic human right essential in realizing all other human rights. However, most Filipino children are deprived of this right and peasants and indigenous peoples right to education are far more neglected. Schools are built in town centers far from upland communities, compelling Lumad children to walk for hours every day to attend their classes. Children unable to endure the difficulty choose not to attend school. With more and more children opting not to go to school, Lumad elders in Mindanao, with the support of non government and church-based organizations, worked hard to put up schools in their own community 10 years ago.

The STTICLC and the MISFI Academy operate in different parts of Davao del Norte. Tribal Filipino Program of Surigao Sur (TRIFPSS) and the Alternative Center for Agricultural Development (ALCADEV) operate in the Caraga Region. While the B’laan Literacy School and Learning Center (BLSLC) operates in Saranggani province. A total of not less than 146 lumad community schools provide formal and non-formal education to children in various indigenous communities in Mindanao and majority implement DepEd-accredited formal education. They also provide literacy and numeracy programs and introduce scientific agriculture while strengthening the Lumad’s indigenous culture and traditions.

Attacks on Schools

International laws covering conflict situations expressly prohibit the use of public infrastructures such as schools; hospitals and rural health units for military purposes such as command posts, barracks detachments, and supply depots.

But Oplan Bayanihan, Aquino’s counter-insurgency program, compels the unwarranted use of the schools as military camps and outposts used to store armaments and personal effects. Continued use of schools damages infrastructures. Due to terror brought about by military presence and the fear of impending danger, students and teachers suffer anxiety. Military operations have disrupted not only the operation of these schools but also the lives and livelihood of Lumad people, in general.

Since 2011, a total of 82 incidents of state-instigated attacks involving 57 schools and day care centers in Mindanao have been documented and reported by the Children’s Rehabilitation Center. In Southern Mindanao alone, at least 13 cases have been documented and reported from January to May of this year.

The DepEd further supported the military’s use of schools and violation of children’s right to education when it issued Memorandum 221, series of 2013 or the Guidelines on the Protection of Children During Armed Conflict which adopted the AFP Directive 25 or Guidelines on the Conduct of AFP Activities Inside or Within the Premises of School or Hospital. Under both directives, military elements are allowed to conduct “civil-military operations” as long as the AFP has a written request and school authorities have given their approval. Since the issuance of the department order, an increase in the number of military attacks on schools was noted.

The Save our Schools Network had a dialogue with DepEd Secretary Armin Luistro last year to inform him of the continuing use of the military of these schools and to revoke DepEd Memorandum 221 which not only continued militarization of schools but has increased these violations.

DepEd Division of Davao del Norte Superintendent Josephine Fadul have requested permission to install a public school with military men as para-teachers and the trauma that the Lumad children have experienced and the fear that the military men have instilled in them in the series of military attacks will hinder their learning and growth.

We appeal for you to condemn the impending closure of the Lumad schools and the intensifying attacks on these schools perpetrated by the AFP.

Please send letters to:

  1. The Department of Education to issue a resolution instructing DepEd Region XI Director Alberto Escobarte and DepEd Division of Davao del Norte Superintendent Josephine Fadul to stop any action to close the Lumad schools; to revoke DepEd Memorandum 221, and for the department to issue a memorandum prohibiting any military activity in school campuses; issue a Memorandum declaring Lumad community schools as protected institutions for the socio-cultural development of Lumad children.
  2. The Commission on Human Rights (CHR), Department of Justice (DOJ), Congress and other concerned government institutions and agencies to conduct independent investigation on the cases of military attacks on Lumad community schools in Mindanao.
  3. The Aquino administration to withdraw its counter-insurgency program, Oplan Bayanihan; to uphold the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP), and various human rights treaties and instruments that the Philippine government is a party or signatory of.
  4. The Office of the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process (OPAPP) to call on the resumption of peace negotiations between the Government of the Philippines and the National Democratic Front as a means to achieve a just and lasting peace.

Please find attached a copy of the letter of DepEd Division Office of Davao del Norte Superintendent Josephine Fadul to DepEd Region XI Director Alberto Escobarte and fact sheet on particular cases.

Please send your letter of appeal to:

H.E. Benigno C. Aquino III

President of the Republic

Malacañang Palace,

JP Laurel St., San Miguel

Manila Philippines

Voice: (+632) 564 1451 to 80

Fax: (+632) 742-1641 / 929-3968

E-mail: op@president.gov.ph

Sec. Teresita Quintos-Deles

Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process

Office of the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process (OPAPP)

7th Floor Agustin Building I, Emerald Avenue Pasig City 1605

Voice:+63 (2) 636 0701 to 066

Fax:+63 (2) 638 2216


Ret. Lt. Gen. Voltaire T. Gazmin

Secretary, Department of National Defense

Room 301 DND Building, Camp Emilio Aguinaldo, E. de los Santos Avenue, Quezon City

Voice:+63(2) 911-6193 / 911-0488 / 982-5600

Fax:+63(2) 982-5600

Email: osnd@philonline.com, dnd.opla@gmail.com

Atty. Leila De Lima

Secretary, Department of Justice

Padre Faura St., Manila

Direct Line 521-1908; Trunkline 523-84-81 loc.211/214; Fax: (+632) 523-9548

Email: lmdelima@doj.gov.ph, lmdelima.doj@gmail.com, lmdelima.doj2@gmail.com

Hon. Loretta Ann P. Rosales

Chairperson, Commission on Human Rights

SAAC Bldg., UP Complex, Commonwealth Avenue

Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines

Voice: (+632) 928-5655, 926-6188;

Fax: (+632) 929 0102

Email: chair.rosales.chr@gmail.com, lorettann@gmail.com

Rep. Guillermo Romarate Jr.

Chairperson, Committee on Human Rights

Room 426, Ramon V. Mitra Buillding, House of Representatives, Quezon City

Telephone no. 9315001 local 7157, Telefax: 9324803

Rep. Nancy Catamco

Chairperson, National Cultural Communities Committee

Room 416, Southwing Annex Building, House of Representatives, Quezon City

Telephone no. 932-3909

Please send a copy of your letter to the above-named government officials to:


Address: 2F, 90 J. Bugallon St. Brgy. Bagumbuhay, Project. 4, Quezon City, Philippines

Telephone No.: (02) 263-7789

Fax No.: (02) 439-1053

Email: saveourschoolsnetworknatl@gmail.com

Facebook: Save Our Schools Network

letter to deped region

PDF files: Save our Schools Featured Cases & Save our schools Urgent Appeal


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